среда, 28 октября 2015 г.

Falling Horizon success rates worry research community


The percentage of research proposals winning grants in the early stages of Horizon 2020, Europe’s main research funding programme, is down sharply from levels seen during the EU’s previous funding programme. The report from the European commission has caused concern among the continent’s research community and EU officials.

The number of successful grant applications decreased from 20% to 14% under the new European research funding programme Horizon 2020 © Shutterstock
The report shows that of the 31,115 full proposals submitted under Horizon 2020 for the first 100 calls that closed by 1 December 2014, only about 14% were awarded grants. This compares with a success rate of around 20% for the full seven years of the Framework Programme 7 (FP7), which ran from 2007 through to 2013 until it was replaced by Horizon 2020.

Laura Keustermans, policy officer at the League of European Research Universities (LERU) in Brussels, tells Chemistry World that her organisation is concerned about ‘a number of issues’ in the report, with low success rates at the top of the list. ‘The low success rates are indeed a matter of concern to us,’ she says. ‘The drop in success rate compared to FP7 might discourage the best researchers from applying for EU funding.’

After publication of the report, Robert-Jan Smits, director-general for research and innovation at the commission, gave his assessment of the report in late September at a meeting of the European parliament’s committee on industry, research and energy. Although his comments were mostly positive about Horizon 2020's performance thus far, Smits acknowledged that low success rates were his ‘biggest concern at the moment’, and is partly due to Horizon 2020 being ‘flooded with proposals’ of great creativity and potential. ‘We have to at the moment reject far too many excellent proposals,’ Smits said. ‘So this is indeed a very sad story at the moment, this enormous rejection rate and oversubscription.’ The commission has now created a new seal of excellence for projects that don’t secure Horizon 2020 funding, but are nonetheless deemed to be of a very high standard by reviewers. The aim is to help national and regional funding bodies take advantage of Horizon’s peer review process.

Funding successes too
While the low success rate is a major concern, Smits said that the report documents several areas of success in Horizon 2020. Those include generating a high level of grant applications, attracting strong interest from business-related researchers, and a much simplified application process compared to FP7 that has resulted in 95% of successful grants signed within the desired eight-month time frame. He also noted that the highly popular European Research Council’s (ERC) budget had been nearly doubled in Horizon 2020, adding: ‘One of the best things we have ever done for European science is setting up the ERC.’

The report shows that just over 123,000 applications for funding were submitted from around the world for the first 100 calls for Horizon 2020, compared with a total of 598,000 applications during the full seven years of FP7. Almost 112,000 of the total Horizon 2020 applications came from the 28 nations of the EU. The highest number of applications came from UK-based researchers, at just over 14,000, followed by Germany, Italy, Spain, France, the Netherlands and Belgium.

Researchers at universities submitted just over 43,000 applications, followed by the business sector at 38,000 applications and research organisations at 23,000. Researchers at ‘other entities’, which include non-governmental organisations, submitted just over 15,000 applications while public bodies submitted nearly 5000.

Private winners
In the early stages of Horizon 2020, researchers at universities had the most signed grant agreements (just under 35% of total) and highest share of total money granted (about 37%). But both levels declined from FP7 partly due to gains in the two categories from private sector-based researchers.

‘Horizon 2020 is more focused on innovation than FP7 was, so the decrease in the share of universities is understandable’‘What is clear is that the funding situation of universities in many countries across Europe is getting more and more difficult,’ says Lidia Borrell-Damian, director research and innovation at the European University Association (EUA). ‘Universities are under increasing pressure to look and apply for funding sources.’
Another indication of Horizon 2020's attraction for business-related researchers is the arrival of many newcomers that never applied for FP7 funding. Of the 6774 ‘unique participants’ who won Horizon 2020 grant, some 38% are newcomers and of these 80% are private sector researchers while the remaining 20% are affiliated with universities, research organisations, foundations and public authorities.

Keustermans of the LERU says that she is not yet overly concerned about the large portion of business-related newcomers, but that the situation needs to be monitored closely. She says that ‘given the focus is much more on innovation than was the case for FP7, the decrease in the share of universities is understandable’. ‘It is, however, important that this sharing is not decreased further in the course of Horizon because then it would become problematic

Work Programme 2016 No time for business as usual

The Work Programme sets out the Commission's plans for the 12 months ahead. It identifies actions which will make a positive difference for Europeans in 2016.

New initiatives

23 key initiatives to provide a high level of environmental protection, high social and employment standards, energy security, a thriving economy that benefits all, and a migration policy that reflects our common values. 

Legislation entering into force

68 pieces of new EU legislation that will apply in 2016 informing citizens and businesses.

The 2016 Initiatives

A New Boost for Jobs, Growth and Investment

A Connected Digital Single Market

A Resilient Energy Union with a Forward-Looking Climate Change Policy

A Deeper and Fairer Internal Market

A Deeper and Fairer Economic and Monetary Union

A Reasonable and Balanced Free Trade Agreement with the U.S.

An area of Justice and Fundamental Rights

Towards a New Policy on Migration

A Stronger Global Actor

A Union of Democratic Change

понедельник, 26 октября 2015 г.

25 features of the new Horizon 2020 research plans: robot farmers to 5G phones

Éanna Kelly and Florin Zubascu, Science|Business

Final work plans for 2016 and 2017 are out, with ambitions to replace animal testing, resist the rising tide of antimicrobial resistance and deliver faster internet speeds

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With final copies of the European Commission’s research plans for 2016 and 2017 recently arriving online, Science|Business picks out 25 interesting features and competitions. Want all the gory details? Click here to read the complete work programmes.

1. Share more code

Horizon 2020 applicants for ICT money are now encouraged to share their research data and make their application programming interfaces (APIs) available. Making APIs available for other researchers and software developers is an important step towards the development of the ‘Internet of Things’, a catch-all term for connecting objects to networks. Researchers whose work involves developing advanced software are now expected to use online sharing tools to distribute their APIs openly. The Commission has even recommended a default platform, called FIWARE.

2. Improving the lot of bees

The life of a bee today is tough: They face, according to the Commission, “exposure to cocktails of agrochemicals, various pathogens, lack of abundance and diversity of feed, flowers, and possibly even climate change.” If the bee isn’t happy, neither is the human. Bees help pollinate the vegetables and fruits we eat directly, or the food for the animals that we then consume. They also produce honey and wax. The Commission will accept proposals for up to €4.5 million that give greater insight into bee health and ways to improve bee-keeping.

3. Helping large research infrastructure exploit more data

Research projects in general, and research infrastructures in particular, generate massive amounts of data that is very difficult to exploit efficiently. To tackle this, more Horizon 2020 funds have been allocated to projects that seek to develop effective data preservation and open access systems.

With the European Open Science Cloud for Research, a pilot project, Commission officials hope it will demonstrate how useful the open access to scientific data and data-analysis services will be for European researchers. Proposals in the pilot project should address problems related to the collection, storage and sharing of data across research infrastructures and scientific clouds.

4. Encouraging smarter energy-use from consumers

The Commission hopes that new research projects will develop ways to measure energy consumption and costs, and prompt users to change their consumption patterns. These solutions would include smart metering, virtual power plants and micro-grid management software. Smart metering tools are becoming increasingly popular in the US and some EU member-states, but existing technologies aren’t very effective.

Build smarter

About €206 million is allocated for researching better ways to build energy-efficient housing and industrial and public spaces, particularly for improving the efficiency of construction and insulation materials. Another challenge is how to heat and cool buildings more efficiently and reduce the cost of heating and cooling to affordable levels.

Storing more energy

A major obstacle for making renewable sources of energy more widespread is storage. Renewable energy sources, such as solar and wind, are not constant and require high-performance storage technologies for them to be efficient. Storage and good management of peak loads could reduce overall energy consumptions. The Commission will support research in highly efficient hybrid storage solutions for electric power, with the goal of balancing the supply and demand of renewable energy. This type of research will have to demonstrate the technical and economic viability of integrating storage equipment in distribution networks and smart grids.

5. Help from Japan on ‘humanoid robots’

There are few countries that take robotics as seriously as Japan does. Tapping into this passion, the Commission includes an EU-Japan joint call on ‘humanoid robotics’, which researchers think could help tend to the needs of the elderly in the future. It’s an area of mutual interest: both Europe and Japan are experiencing rapidly-growing populations.

6. Big data to bolster public health policy

Health policies are better if policy makers get to work with accurate data. The Commission is now funding ideas to overhaul methodologies for acquiring, managing, sharing, modelling, processing and exploiting huge amounts of data on population and health. Ideas on better systems for determining and monitoring the combined effects of environment, lifestyle and genetics on public health will be accepted.

7. Schooling for states on research policy

A new policy instrument aimed at giving guidance to countries with meagre R&D results, called the Policy Support Facility, was rolled out this year by the Commission. First up for tuition was Bulgaria and Hungary, two countries fed up with west European countries receiving the lion’s share of EU research funding. New money will be made available for the scheme in 2017, with other laggard countries expected to sign up.

8. Turning down the volume on planes

The Commission invites researchers in the ‘smart, green and integrated transport’ section to suggest new ways planes can take-off quietly. Proposals on turning down the whip-crack sound of sonic boom jets are also welcome.

9. Can’t see the intruders for the trees

Because several regions at the borders of the EU are covered with forests, spotting incoming people and vehicles is a thorny task for security forces. Surveillance technologies, built on airborne, satellite-based, or ground-based platforms are being asked for in the ‘secure societies’ section.

10. Philae Lander passes the baton

The success of the Rosetta mission last year, which saw a little probe hitching a lift with a moving comet after a 10-year, six billion kilometres chase, has galvanised the science community, and ramped up rhetoric and support for putting more machines in space. The Commission is firmly on the bandwagon, with new money in the ‘space’ section for “six specific robotic building blocks”: a space robot control operating system, a software framework for the development of highly autonomous space robotics missions, test vehicles, perception sensors that allow “localisation and map making for robotic inspection of orbital assets”, and ways for fusing data from LIDAR, Imagers, radar, sonar, IMUs, and sun sensors.

11. The doctor will see you now… with his web camera

The Commission is asking for new ideas in the area of ‘telemedicine’, which could allow for more virtual consultation and remote diagnosis for “chronic or rare diseases after hospital discharge”.

12. Doubling up on double talk

Research Commissioner Carlos Moedas wants Europe to produce more science diplomats – “an underestimated area,” he called it this week. In the ‘inclusive, innovative and reflective societies’ section, research is needed to “understand the success and failures of diplomatic efforts in the regions. It should also consider relevant results of international cooperation projects involving neighbourhood countries and all relevant existing legal instruments in various policy areas (e.g., energy), take into account the role of other states (e.g., US, Russia, and neighbours of the neighbours) and non-state actors in the various neighbouring regions.”

13. Smartening up cities

The Commission wants to continue plumbing cities with high-tech gear. In 2016 and 2017, there will be money going to research projects that will turn cities into scientific playgrounds for the deployment, testing, replication and scaling up of projects. The Commission wants scientists and innovators to experiment and collaborate, and transform cities into “living laboratories for testing automated road transport technologies that increase safety and reduce energy efficiency.”

14. Vaccine infrastructures

In biomedical research there is a significant gap between the bench and the bedside, particularly in the field of vaccines and immunology. Horizon 2020 money, from the ‘infrastructures’ section, is now allocated to bridge this gap. It will provide academia and SME-driven vaccine R&D with access to high-quality services to support vaccine development, pre-clinical studies including relevant animal models, vaccine trials, and advice on vaccine production.

15. Tending crops with China

European farmers grow plenty of grains, corn and vegetables to feed the continent's population. But most of Europe’s protein-rich soya is imported, from places such as Brazil, Argentina and the US. China is similarly reliant on protein imports, which is why its researchers want to join up with Europeans to “broaden the genetic base of legume crops for breeding purposes”.

16. New prizes

Setting a seemingly intractable research challenge and offering a prize for the best answer is becoming a well-known part of the EU’s repertoire. There will be a number of prize competitions in the field of climate change in 2016 and 2017, to be awarded to projects that come up with an effective way of destroying plastic litter; promoting the circular economy in the retail sector; and propose novel ideas for capitalising on reams of environmental data beamed down by satellites. The Commission will also set an encryption challenge in the field of cyber security and offer rewards to a project that delivers a cheap way of shooting nano-satellites into space and another for reducing car engine emissions.

17. Alternatives to animal testing

Roused by the Stop Vivisection campaign, which earlier this year saw an Italian pressure group gather over a million signatures in 26 EU countries in protest over animal testing, the health section includes money for a new expert group to examine the feasibility of alternatives to animal testing, from computer modelling to cell culture experiments.

18. Cyborg farmhands

Farmers across Europe are weathering a slump right now, with dairy prices depressed and agricultural exports down since the EU imposed sanctions on Russia over the crisis in Ukraine. It is hard how they will feel then, about a research call for labour-saving (or maybe labour-replacing) autonomous farmhands.

According to the food work programme, research efforts should, “prioritise technologies such as selective harvesting, more targeted weed reduction or environment friendly fertilisation, and/or livestock management, based on better planning and targeted intervention, using sensors (local and aerial, even maybe earth observation satellite).”

19. Motoring towards electric vehicles

With the global race to launch unmanned vehicles on to the consumer markets attracting the efforts of global companies like Google, Ford, BMW, Apple and others, it may be surprising to find just one call dedicated to autonomous cars (a pilot in the ‘cross-cutting’ section). By contrast, there are 12 calls for electric vehicles in the transport section.

20. Seeding the ground for 5G

Some money from the ICT section will go towards developing high speed 5G networks, which promise capacity so great that buffering videos and slow-running apps will be consigned to history. Europe’s role in building the networks, which could be available as soon as 2020, got a boost last week when the EU signed an agreement with China to set out common goals for 5G standards and timeframes for introducing the new technology.

21. Cleaning up data centres

With increasing demand for cloud computing, big data and the rise of the internet of things, the requirement for data processing and storage has never been greater. In the energy section there is a call for proposals covering, “innovative and energy efficient cooling solutions, waste heat reuse, geographical and temporal workload balance, integration of local and remote renewable energy sources, integration in smart grids, integration with district heating/cooling networks, integration of power backup system in the grid and use of heat pumps for efficient use of waste heat.”

22. A shift to close-to-market projects

Several commentators drew attention to what they see as the continued shift within EU research towards projects with higher technology readiness levels (TRLs). Such closer-to-market funding does not appeal to everyone. One lobbyist, who represents universities, worries the Commission is becoming too pre-occupied with the other end of the pipeline and moving steadily away from basic research funding.

The Commission does not go far enough for another who said, “I would have liked to see TRLs of between seven and eight for climate projects." Europe is committed to cut its non-renewable energy use by 2020 compared to 2005. “Ahead of the 2020 climate goals, I would have guessed this was a good time to ask for more demonstration projects.”

23. Risk-based financing for new antibiotic drugs

Horizon 2020’s investment vehicle, the InnovFin scheme, will introduce a pilot for antibiotic research financing, making loans of between €7.5 million and €75 million to SMEs, midcaps, special project vehicles, research institutions and large pharmaceutical companies for the development of new antibiotics.

24. Virtual reality

There will be some funding for the development of “augmented and virtual reality visualisation systems”, in the ICT section. The Commission funded several VR projects with health applications in Horizon 2020’s predecessor, the Seventh Framework Programme (FP7), including a VR treadmill for senior citizens and VR for rehabilitation following stroke.

25. ‘Smart anything, everywhere’

Managing to imply everything and nothing at the same time, the vaguest-sounding call, and remnant from FP7, returns in the ICT section, promising to put money into networks of SMEs and mid-caps so they can solve particular problems. Whether the ‘smart anything everywhere’ initiative can go on to become a stock piece of technical jargon like ‘the internet of things’ remains to be seen.

Towards a more simple Horizon 2020

26 oktober 2015 - How can Horizon 2020 become more simple and straightforward? The League of European Research Universities (LERU) was asked to help the European Commission in pressing administrative and financial issues in its scientific program.
Last week LERU submitted an extensive response to the Horizon 2020 simplification survey that was asked for by the European Commission. LERU made a list of recommendations varying from a simplification to the grant preparation stage to a ‘seal of excellence’ for research management. The response of the LERU is mainly focused on simplification and conceptual changes in the process of project application and management, but the budget of Horizon 2020 continues to be a point of concern.

Under constant attack

“LERU supported the European Parliament’s request for a 100 billion EUR programme, and were broadly satisfied with the 80 billion EUR budget which was decided upon for Horizon 2020 in the framework of the Multi-Annual Financial Framework. Unfortunately, since then the budget of Horizon is under constant attack.”

LERU hopes that the support for Horizon 2020 in the European Parliament will be continuous and fruitful. Next to that “LERU calls on the European Commission and especially the Member States’ finance ministers to put their money where their mouth is and (continue to) invest in research and innovation (but also education) to secure growth and jobs for Europe in the long term as well as the short term.”

A Seal of Excellence

The coalition of research universities further stresses that excellence should be the main focus for Horizon 2020. For this some practical, inspiring ideas are raised to strengthen this approach. “LERU welcomes the recently launched seal of excellence for projects in the SME instrument which were evaluated as being excellent but do not receive H2020 funding due to the limited budget. LERU is also very supportive of the H2020 twinning and teaming projects which are selected based on excellence and are led by beneficiaries from less well performing member states.”

LERU however warns for diluting Horizon 2020. It emphasizes that whatever the importance of support for member states in increasing their ability to compete for research funding, “this should not change the nature of the research funding itself. Investing in capacity building should be done using the Structural Funds, of which a considerable part is earmarked for research and innovation.”

The full list of recommendations can be found here(foto: Willtron)

понедельник, 19 октября 2015 г.

€ 200 million more financing for SMEs in 2016-2017

In 2016-2017 there will be 44.2% more financing for SMEs under the SME-Instrument, in the new Horizon2020 work-programme for Research and Innovation, adopted today 13 October by the European Commission. The total budget of the SME Instrument for the two years is nearly € 740 million that should benefit over 2000 highly innovative SMEs.
ICT and intelligent transport remain the biggest topics (€ 126 milllion and € 118.8 for two years) with significant budget increases compared to the last work programme (+38 million and + 43.97 million). The main percentage increases are for sustainable food production (+143.7%), biotechnology (+142 %) and blue growth (+116.7%). The health topic for biomarkers and/or medical devices will be phased-out and divided into two challenges: healthcare biotechnology and ICT for health, well-being and ageing well. The budget will remain nearly the same with only a slight decrease. The topic innovative mobile e-government will on the other hand disappear.
Read more about the changes in the table below and find the full Work Programme here:
Open Disruptive Innovation SchemeSMEInst-01€60 m.€66 m.
Accelerating the uptake of nanotechnologies advanced materials or advanced manufacturing and processing technologies by SMEsSMEInst-02€31.83 m.€35.32 m.
Dedicated support to biotechnology SMEs closing the gap from lab to marketSMEInst-03€7.5 m.€7.5 m.
Engaging SMEs in space research and developmentSMEInst-04€11.37 m.€12.6 m.
Supporting innovative SMEs in the healthcare biotechnology sectorSMEInst-05€35 m.€45 m.
Accelerating market introduction of ICT solutions for Health, Well-Being and Ageing WellSMEInst-06€18 m.€12.5 m.
Stimulating the innovation potential of SMEs for sustainable and competitive agriculture, forestry, agri-food and bio-based sectorsSMEInst-07€25.46 m.€32.19 m.
Supporting SMEs efforts for the development - deployment and market replication of innovative solutions for blue growth
€9.5 m.€10 m.
Stimulating the innovation potential of SMEs for a low carbon and efficient energy systemSMEInst-09€46 m.€50 m.
Small business innovation research for Transport and Smart Cities MobilitySMEInst-10€57.57 m.€61.23 m.
Boosting the potential of small businesses in the areas of climate action, environment, resource efficiency and raw materialsSMEInst-11€25 m.€27.5 m.
New business models for inclusive, innovative and reflective societiesSMEInst-12€10.8 m.€11.4 m.
Engaging SMEs in security research and developmentSMEInst-13€15.37 m.€14.67 m.
TOTAL€353.4 m.€385.91 m.

Use Horizon 2020 Participant Portal to submit your proposal. Have a look also at our dedicated page on the SME instrument.

Over €800 million requested for H2020 transport research projects

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Creation date: October 16, 2015
INEA has received 125 project proposals by the 15 October deadline for three calls in the fields of Mobility for Growth and Green Vehicles, requesting over €800 million in total EU funding. The total available budget for all three calls is €386 million. Evaluation of the project proposals will start in November.

H2020-MG-2015-TwoStages call was open to 58 project proposals selected in the first stage of the call. Up to €144.5 million in total are available for proposals that addresses mode-specific (aviation, rail, road, waterborne) and transport integration challenges (urban, logistics, intelligent transport systems, infrastructure), as well as cross-cutting issues. 57 project proposals have been submitted for this call requesting in total €450.4 million.

H2020-MG-SingleStage-B call offers €18.5 million in total for the best projects in the following areas:
Safe and connected automation in road transport
Innovative solutions for cleaner and better urban transport and mobility
Facilitating market uptake of innovative transport infrastructure solutions
Smart governance, network resilience and streamlined delivery of infrastructure innovation
22 projects requesting €39.9 million will compete for funding under this call.

H2020-GV-2015 with the total available funding of €30 million will support projects in the following areas:
Powertrain control for heavy-duty vehicles with optimised emission
Electric vehicles’ enhanced performance and integration into the transport system and the grid

€312 million in total has been requested by 46 applicants under this call. The highest interest has been on the topic of electric vehicles: 41 proposals submitted for a maximum EU contribution of €20 million.

Evaluation of the three calls is expected to start early in November 2015. The results will be announced no later than 15 March 2016.

Call overview 2016-2017 Horizon 2020 Innovation in SMEs work programme

Open Disruptive Innovation SchemeSMEInst-01€60 m.€66 m.
Accelerating the uptake of nanotechnologies advanced materials or advanced manufacturing and processing technologies by SMEsSMEInst-02€31.83 m.€35.32 m.
Dedicated support to biotechnology SMEs closing the gap from lab to marketSMEInst-03€7.5 m.€7.5 m.
Engaging SMEs in space research and developmentSMEInst-04€11.37 m.€12.6 m.
Supporting innovative SMEs in the healthcare biotechnology sectorSMEInst-05€35 m.€45 m.
Accelerating market introduction of ICT solutions for Health, Well-Being and Ageing WellSMEInst-06€18 m.€12.5 m.
Stimulating the innovation potential of SMEs for sustainable and competitive agriculture, forestry, agri-food and bio-based sectorsSMEInst-07€25.46 m.€32.19 m.
Supporting SMEs efforts for the development - deployment and market replication of innovative solutions for blue growth
€9.5 m.€10 m.
Stimulating the innovation potential of SMEs for a low carbon and efficient energy systemSMEInst-09€46 m.€50 m.
Small business innovation research for Transport and Smart Cities MobilitySMEInst-10€57.57 m.€61.23 m.
Boosting the potential of small businesses in the areas of climate action, environment, resource efficiency and raw materialsSMEInst-11€25 m.€27.5 m.
New business models for inclusive, innovative and reflective societiesSMEInst-12€10.8 m.€11.4 m.
Engaging SMEs in security research and developmentSMEInst-13€15.37 m.€14.67 m.
TOTAL€353.4 m.€385.91 m.

Deadlines for all themes

Phase 1
Phase 2

воскресенье, 18 октября 2015 г.

Горизонт 2020: новая Рабочая программа поддерживает развитие Европы, рост рабочих мест и конкурентоспособности.

Рабочая программа 2016-2017
Охватывая временной период в семь лет (2014 до 2020) и работая с бюджетом 77 млрд. €, Горизонт 2020 является самой большой финансируемой когда-либо программой исследований и инноваций ЕС. Сегодня Европейская Комиссия приняла вторую рабочую программу с изложением возможностей финансирования на 2016-2017 годы.
Эта программа предполагает бюджет почти 16 млрд. €. Он основан на обстоятельных консультациях и участии заинтересованных сторон. Все призывы и связанная с ними информация публикуется на одном портале.
Ключевые приоритеты 2016 – 2017
  1. новый импульс для рабочих мест, роста и инвестиций
Приоритетом Комиссии является достижение роста Европы и увеличение количества рабочих мест, не создавая новые долговые обязательства.
Некоторые примеры приоритетов Рабочей программы:
  • Около 2 млрд. € от общего объема финансирования в Рабочей программе 2016 – 2017 года предусмотрено на малые и средние предприятия (МСП), в том числе 740 млн € посредством «МСП Инструмента», который принесет пользу более 2000 инновационных малым и средним предприятиям. Во главе всего, финансовые инструменты, предназначенные, в частности, для малых и средних предприятий, которые увеличат возможности для финансирования поддержки научных исследований и инноваций.
  • Семь Государственно-частных партнерств затрагивают стратегические технологии, которые лежат в основе роста и увеличения рабочих мест в ключевых европейских секторах, в таких областях как инновационная медицина, топливные элементы и водород, воздухоплавание и био-промышленность. Дальнейшие инвестиции привлечены посредством договорного государственно-частного партнерства, работающего в таких областях, как заводы будущего, робототехники и зеленые машины.
  1. Подключение Цифрового рынка
Интернет и цифровые технологии преобразуют наш мир. Но существуют барьеры, из-за которых граждане упускают товары и услуги, возможности интернет-компаний ограничены, и предприятия и правительства не могут в полной мере воспользоваться цифровыми инструментами. Исследования и Инновации будут способствовать инновационным цифровым решениям с помощью следующих действий:
  • Призыв Овеществленный Интернет (139 млн. евро) позволит дополнить разработку технологии с крупномасштабными пилотами в ряде социальных проблем.
  • Призыв Цифровая защита (118 млн. €) обратится к возможностям, а также, к уязвимости, связанной с ИКТ трансформациями.
  • Призыв Автоматизированный Автомобильный транспорт (114 млн € в течение двух лет) будет направлен на изменения в автомобильном секторе, который обещает существенно улучшить безопасность и энергетическую эффективность при одновременном снижении заторов и вредных выбросов.
  • Финансирование 50 млн. € в общей сложности будет способствовать Европейскому Открытому Научному Облаку.
  1. Эластичный энергетический союз с дальновидной политикой по изменению климата
Деятельность в рамках новой рабочей программы поможет мобилизовать исследования передового опыта Европы для создания инновационных решений в областях, например:
  • Вызов Умное и устойчивое развития городов (232 млн. €) нацелен на то, чтобы объединить усилия городов, промышленности и граждан для нахождения устойчивых интегрированных энергетических и транспортных решений.
  • Проекты, финансирующие вызов Энергетическая Эффективность будут направлены на экономию энергии до 230.000 тонн нефтяного эквивалента в год.
  • Вызов Низкоуглеродистая Конкурентная энергия (723 млн. €) подкрепляет диверсификацию источников энергии. Кроме того, три новые премии Горизонта будут сосредоточены на повышении инновационной деятельности в малых энергетических углеродных технологиях, предлагающих 3250000 € выигрышным решениям.
  • Стремление сделать Европу глобальным номером один в возобновляемых источниках энергии будет поддержано инвестициями более 400 млн. €, в результате чего, перспективные технологии станут ближе к рынку.
  • Деятельность в области климата, окружающей среды, эффективности использования ресурсов и сырья будет совместно способствовать тому, что инвестиции в размере 35% для действий, связанных с климатом, и 60% для обеспечения устойчивого развития по всей программе Горизонт 2020 будет поставлять максимальный эффект. В сферу климата, согласно Рабочей программе, будет инвестировано 178 млн € в 2016 году, только для крупномасштабных инновационных действий, для того, чтобы продемонстрировать будущие решения для экологизации экономики.
  1. Более глубокий и более справедливый внутренний рынок с Укрепленой промышленной базой
Рабочая программа будет способствовать поддержанию и укреплению внутреннего рынка, а также, европейской промышленной базы, посредством такой деятельности, как:
  • Вызов Промышленности 2020 в Циркулярной экономике (669 млн. евро) будет способствовать активизации и возобновлению производственных мощностей в Европе, а так же, обеспечению устойчивости.
  • Вызов для персонализированной медицины (659 млн. евро) будет стимулировать европейскую промышленность, и так называемую серебряную экономику, путем инвестирования в стратегии раннего и более эффективного предупреждения болезни, диагностики и лечения, а также, поможет Европе решить проблему старения населения и бремя хронических заболеваний.
  • Вызов мобильность для роста (436 млн. евро) будет укреплять роль транспорта как артерии единого рынка.
  1. Сильный Глобальный Участник, на пути к новой политике в области миграции, а также, в сфере юстиции и фундаментальных прав на основе взаимного доверия
Рабочая программа является гибкой и способной решать актуальные вопросы, которые больше всего важны для европейских граждан. Некоторые ключевые примеры:
  • Для решения проблемы миграции, финансирование исследований поддержит усилия по обеспечению безопасности внешних границ ЕС, в то же время, будет содействовать законному потоку людей и товаров. Например, мероприятия в рамках темы "Скрининг на пограничном переходе, основанный на риске" (8 млн. евро), позволит лучше выявлять потенциально опасных людей и товары на пограничных переходах. Исследование, также, будет охватывать происхождение и пути миграции, воздействие и влияние радикальных движений по миграции, а также, профилактику и раннее выявление радикализации в ЕС.
  • Борьба с преступностью и терроризмом часть вызова по Безопасности разработает новые способы борьбы и профилактики с организованной преступностью и решения террористических идей и верований, гарантируя основные права и ценности.
  • Вызовы Международного сотрудничества и целевые инициативы помогут повысить исследовательское и инновационное сотрудничество со странами за пределами Европы, и эффективно решать общие социальные проблемы.
  1. Междисциплинарные и другие особенности
  • Взаимодействие между Горизонт 2020 и Европейским Структурным и Инвестиционным фондом (ESIF), которые инвестируют до 90 млрд. € в области инноваций и исследований в 2014-2020 годах, будет расширять сферу и влияние обоих инструментов. ESIF, например, сможет поддержать проектные заявки, оцененные на отлично, но которые не могут получить финансирование из-за недостаточного бюджета Горизонт 2020. Для облегчения этого процесса, в 2016 году будет использован инструмент «Знак качества», который будет предоставляться проектным заявкам, оценка которых выше пороговой, но не получившей финансирование в рамках программы МСП Инструмент.
  • Сглаживая неравенство в области исследований и инноваций между странами, для того, чтобы добиться совершенства во всех уголках ЕС, останется ключевой целью «Широкого» призыва (202 млн. евро в течение двух лет).

Рабочая программа Горизонт 2020 на 2016 – 2017 год
Финансирование призывов и финансовые инструменты (млн. евро)


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